Unique phenotypes and clonal expansions of human CD4 effector memory T cells re-expressing CD45RA
Yuan Tian, Mariana Babor, Jerome Lane, Veronique Schulten, Veena S Patil, Grégory Seumois, Sandy L Rosales, Zheng Fu, Gaelle Picarda, Julie Burel, Jose Zapardiel-Gonzalo, Rashika N Tennekoon, Aruna D De Silva, Sunil Premawansa, Gayani Premawansa, Ananda Wijewickrama, Jason A Greenbaum, Pandurangan Vijayanand, Daniela Weiskopf, Alessandro Sette, Bjoern Peters
Nature communications 8 (1), 1-13
The expression of CD45RA is generally associated with naive T cells. However, a subset of effector memory T cells re-expresses CD45RA (termed TEMRA) after antigenic stimulation with unknown molecular characteristics and functions. CD4 TEMRA cells have been implicated in protective immunity against pathogens such as dengue virus (DENV). Here we show that not only the frequency but also the phenotype of CD4 TEMRA cells are heterogeneous between individuals. These cells can be subdivided into two major subsets based on the expression of the adhesion G protein-coupled receptor GPR56, and GPR56+ TEMRA cells display a transcriptional and proteomic program with cytotoxic features that is distinct from effector memory T cells. Moreover, GPR56+ TEMRA cells have higher levels of clonal expansion and contain the majority of virus-specific TEMRA cells. Overall, this study reveals the heterogeneity of CD4 TEMRA cells and provides insights into T-cell responses against DENV and other viral pathogens.